Basic environmental mechanisms

BASIC ENVIRONMENTAL MECHANISMS AFFECTING CULTURAL HERITAGE
Understanding deterioration mechanisms for conservation purposes

For ethical reasons, the conservation of cultural heritage is a duty for all nations. Slowly, decision makers are beginning to understand that caring about cultural heritage and especially about museums, library and archival collections si a valuable long-term investment for their economy and in the interest of their citizens. The accessibility of movable heritage depends not only on its direct conservation but also on preventive conservation because the quality of the indoor environment is crucial for the preservation of a collection. Sensitive materials, displayed in an aggressive environment may suffer from chemical attack of pollutants, leading to irreversible damage after only a few weeks of inappropriate exposure.
The interpretation of results on the impact of pollutants on the degradation of artefacts and consequently, any appropriate measure to prevent damage, requires close collaboration between multidisciplinary key players: chemist concerned with environmental effects and material degradation, physicists concerned with microclimate and physical deterioration mechanism, conservators, conservation scientist, art historians, curators, environmental engineers, show case manufacturers, and even politicians and decision makers concerned with international standards.

COST – European Cooperation in Science and Technology – is the oldest and widest European intergovernmental network for international cooperation between nationally funded research activities. COST creates scientific networks and enables scientist to collaborate in a wide spectrum of activities in research and technology. Established by the Ministerial Conference in November 1971, COST is presently used by the scientific communities of 35 European countries. COST activities are administrated by COST office.
As precursor of advanced multidisciplinary research, COST has a very important role for the realisation of the European Research Area (ERA) anticipating and complementing the activities of the Framework Programmes, constituting a “bridge” towards the scientist communities of emerging countries, increasing the mobility of researches accross Europe and fostering the establishment of “Networks of Excellence” in many key scientist domains.

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INDEX:

FOREWORD
Dario Camuffo, Vasco Fassina, John Havermans

CHAPTER I
THE ROLE OF TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE
Dario Camuffo

CHAPTER 2
HOW TO MEASURE TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY
INSTRUMENTS AND INSTRUMENTAL PROBLEMS
Dario Camuffo, Vito Fernicola

CHAPTER 3
MICROCLIMATE MONITORING IN A CHURCH
Dario Camuffo, Chiara Bertolin, Vasco Fassina

CHAPTER 4
ACCEPTABLE AND NON-ACCEPTABLE MICROCLIMATE VARIABILITY: THE CASE OF WOOD
Lukasz Bratasz

CHAPTER 5
THE ROLE OF LIGHT
Mauro Bacci, Costanza Cucci

CHAPTER 6
BASIC CHEMICAL MECHANISM INDOORS
David Thickett

CHAPTER 7
BASIC CHEMICAL MECHANISM OUTDOORS
Vasco Fassina

CHAPTER 8
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCS) RELEASED BY WOOD
Marianne Odlyha, Carl Johan Bergsten, David Thickett

CAPTER 9
MEASURING GASEOUS AND PARTICULATE POLLUTANTS
INSTRUMENTS AND INSTRUMENTAL PROBLEMS
Erwin Rosenberg, Franco De Santis, Velichka Kontozova-Deutsch, Marianne Odlyha, René van Grieken, Francesca Vichi
9.1 INTRODUCTION
Erwin Rosenberg
9.2 THE USE OF DIFFUSIVE SAMPLERS
Francesca Vichi, Franco De Santis, Erwin Rosenberg
9.3 DOSIMETRY
Marianne Odlyha
9.4 ATMOSPHERIC PARTICULATE POLLUTANTS
René van Grieken, Velichka Kontozova-Deutsch

CHAPTER 10
SOILING DAMAGE AND PERCEPTION
Pieter Brimblecombe

CHAPTER 11
PAPER DETERIORATION AND THE ROLE OF AIR POLLUTANTS
John Havermans

CHAPTER 12
SURFACE PROTECTION OF POROUS INORGANIC MATERIALS
Vasco Fassina

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

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Edited by Dario Camuffo, Vaco Fassina, John Havermans
Pagine 176. Illustrato a colori

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